A person’s civil rights are those which are guaranteed and protected by the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, including freedom of speech, the press, freedom from discrimination, etc. While many laws are created by local governments or judges, civil rights law is derived from the U.S. Constitution and is designed to protect the rights of people.
Civil rights include protection from unlawful discrimination, equal protection under the law, and rights to due process. Civil rights laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of protected classes, determined on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability, age, sex, and religion. If you believe that you have been discriminated against on the basis of a protected class, you may have a valid civil rights or discrimination claim. Many civil rights claims may first be brought before neutral fact-finding agencies or commissions that investigation allegations of discrimination.
The most common kind of civil rights cases involve allegations of police misconduct and police brutality.
Unlike other civil cases, there is an extended notification and waiting period before you can file your lawsuit. You are required to formally notify the government officer, agent or organization of your injury or the harm they caused you and wait for a period of at least sixty days for the government officer, agent, or organization to respond to or settle your claim. Only after doing so may you file a lawsuit against the offending person or organization.